Bulk anti-Defensin-5 In Vivo Antibody – Low Endotoxin (8C8)
ichorbio’s anti- Alpha Defensin-5 (HD5) In Vivo Antibody – Low Endotoxin (8C8) is manufactured in a cGMP compliant, ISO Quality Standard 9001:2015 facility. ichorbio’s low endotoxin antibodies have half the endotoxin of comparable antibodies from our competitors at less than 1.0 EU/mg. If ichorbio’s low endotoxin antibodies are not low enough we also offer ultra low endotoxin antibodies which have even less endotoxin (<0.75EU/mg) at an even higher purity (98% versus 95%). ichorbio offers Amazon vouchers or donations to the NC3Rs for reviews of this product: click here for more information. ichorbio: the best antibodies for in vivo research.
Mouse IgG2b κ
DEFA-5, defensin, alpha 5, HD5
Clone 8C8 recognizes human defensin 5
This monoclonal antibody was purified using multi-step affinity chromatography methods such as Protein A or G depending on the species and isotype.
HD5 is highly expressed in the secretory granules of Paneth cells of the ileum.
The colon lies adjacent to the small intestine and has heavy bacterial colonization from ingested food and water that is often contaminated with bacteria. Remarkably, the small intestine has a low microbial density. A special type of epithelial cell, called a Paneth cell, can be found clustered at the base of the tubular glands that lie between the villi of the inner surface of the small intestine. These cells secrete defensins which have been shown to have activity against both Gram-positive and Gram-negative microbes.3 Six human α-defensins, a subfamily of defensin peptides characterized by their cysteine spacing and disulfide connectivity2, have been identified. Human Paneth cells express α-defensin 5 (HD5) along with HD6. Paneth cells are most numerous in the ileum and have many features similar to those of myeloid cells. They are multifaceted cells with a large quantity of apically-located eosinophilic secretory granules containing lysozyme and other antimicrobial factors which are released upon bacterial stimulation.2 In addition, these cells express tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-a), CD1, and CD15.1 Paneth cells do not store defensins as fully processed or active peptides, rather they store them as inactive propeptides.2 They are released as mature peptides after trypsin digestion. Trypsin is also secreted from the Paneth cell granules. It has been reported that disrupted α-defensin processing in murine Paneth cells has initiated a vulnerability to enteric infection.2 HD5 expression levels have been found to be negatively correlated to intestinal infection. Additionally, studies have shown HD5 to be a strong antagonist towards human Papillomavirus infection. Furthermore, low expression of HD5 is thought to play a role in Crohn’s disease.3 Anti-Human Alpha Defensin-5 (HD5) Clone 8C8 has been shown to recognize the propeptide and the partially processed forms of HD5. However, clone 8C8 has been reported to scarcely recognize the mature peptide. There was no reported cross reactivity with HD6, lysozyme, or sPLA2.
Recombinant Human HD5 (aa 20-94).
This monoclonal antibody is aseptically packaged and formulated in 0.01 M phosphate buffered saline (PBS) pH 7.2 – 7.4, 150 mM NaCl with no carrier protein, potassium or preservatives added. BSA and azide free
>95% by SDS-PAGE and HPLC
>98% by SDS-PAGE and HPLC
≤ 1.0 EU/mg as determined by the LAL method
≤ 0.75 EU/mg as determined by the LAL method
Aggregation level ≤ 5%
Aggregation level ≤ 8%
We use the IMPACT test generated by IDEXX Laboratories to guarantee our Ultra Low Endotoxin antibodies are pathogen free. Our mouse antibodies are tested for:
Mouse hepatitis virus
Pneumonia virus of mice
Minute virus of mice
Mouse parvovirus (MPV1-5)
Theiler’s murine encephalomyelitis virus
Lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus
Lactate dehydrogenase-elevating virus
Mouse adenovirus (MAD1, MAD2)
Mouse thymic virus
Corynebacterium spp. (HAC2)
This antibody is stable for at least one week when stored sterile at 2-8°C. For long term storage aseptically aliquot in working volumes without diluting and store at –80°C. Avoid Repeated Freeze Thaw Cycles.
Dot Blot, ELISA, IHC (Paraffin), Western Blotting
Each investigator should determine their own optimal working dilution for specific applications.
Products are for research use only. Not for use in diagnostic or therapeutic procedures.